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In November the Squadron moved again, going north to Hamhung in North Korea where ground crews had to sweep snow from the wings of the Mustangs before the pilots took off on missions. Servicing aircraft was a constant battle against the freezing conditions, but wlth the Chlnese armies now pushing south- wards from Manchuria, the RAAF had to maintain a maximum combat effort.

Flying out of Hamhung the RAAF pilots struck heavily at Chinese transports pouring down the roads out of Manchuria. They flew close support missions for the Turks and the Australian 3rd Battalion in action in Pak-chon. But the Chinese armies soon gained the upper hand and in the general withdrawal No. 77 Squadron was ordered south to Pusan where missions continued on a maximum effort basis.

A RAAF nursing sister.

A RAAF nursing sister.
MiG killers: Pilot Officer Bill Simmonds (left) and Pilot Officer John Surman.

MiG killers: Pilot Officer Bill Simmonds (left) and Pilot Officer John Surman.

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