Europe Visual Vol.3

  • North of Nice
  • France  France
  • location_cityNice
  • flight_takeoffNice Cote d’Azur LFMN to Nice Cote d’Azur LFMN
  • directions64 nm
  • Explore a few of the magnificent valleys north of Nice. The first two legs of this flight are valley runs, the third is a ridge-hopper. Great flight for a fast jet.
  • WP 1 - N in the valley 14 nm
    WP 2 - Bridge | W in the valley past town: Touet sur-Var
    WP 3 - Ridge | I call it the "Breadknife" | Climb south and cross several ridges
    WP 4 - Small town | Grass airstrip to the left
    WP 5 - Town: Grasse | Coastal plain
    WP 6 - Tollbooths
  • attach_filefrance-LFMN-to-LFMN-VFR-nice-211104
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Pristina local
  • Kosovo  Kosovo
  • location_cityPristina
  • flight_takeoffPristina BKPR to Pristina BKPR
  • directions28 nm
  • Check out some of the prominent landmarks and the helipad at Pristina. Note: RWY ALT is 1,787 ft.
  • WP 1 - Mine
    WP 2 - Thermoelectric Power Station
    WP 3 - Heliport
    WP 4 - Ligeni Dam
    WP 5 - HDG 210 for 8 nm | Bridge: Over the river at Lipljan, just past the shopping mall
  • attach_filekosovo-BKPR-to-BKPR-VFR-pristina-211029
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Riga local
  • Latvia  Latvia
  • location_cityRiga
  • flight_takeoffRiga EVRA to Riga EVRA
  • directions36 nm
  • Take a cruise through the centres of Latvia's capital, Riga.
  • WP 1 - Mouth of the Lielupe River | Follow the coast
    WP 2 - Mouth of the Daugava River | Follow the river
    WP 3 - Merging Rivers | Follow the river
    WP 4 - Bridge on the Daugava River | Follow the river
    WP 5 - Dam on the Daugava River
  • attach_filelatvia-EVRA-to-EVRA-VFR-riga-211029
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Liechtenstein Border Patrol
  • Liechtenstein  Liechtenstein
  • location_cityVaduz
  • flight_takeoffAltenrhein LSZR to Altenrhein LSZR
  • directions65 nm
  • Liechtenstein is a small European country about 12 miles by 6 miles in size, and nestled between Switzerland and Austria. We fly out of Altenrhein airport, about 12 miles to the north on Lake Constance, Switzerland. The southern leg follows the border along the Rhine river, and the return leg turns on four peaks in the Alps.
    There don’t seem to be any structures along this border (why would there be, as it is so inaccessible), but at the end of the flight you will be able to proudly assert that you are one of the brave few that have flown the Liechtenstein Border!
  • WP 1 - Rail bridge across the Rhine at Margrethen | Follow the river S for 13.2 nm
    WP 2 - Bridge (the border actually starts 0.2 nm S)
    WP 3 - Ellhorn 2,274 ft
    WP 4 - E for 5.4 nm to Naalkopf 7,773 ft
    WP 5 - NNE 4.2 nm along a ridge to Schelenkopf 6,477 ft
    WP 6 - NW 3.8 nm across a valley to Garsellokopf 6,312 ft
    WP 7 - Bridge (same as WP 2)
    WP 8 - Rail bridge (same as WP 1)
  • attach_fileliechtenstein-LSZR-to-LSZR-VFR-border-211029
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Vilnius Local
  • Lithuania  Lithuania
  • location_cityVilnius
  • flight_takeoffVilnius EYVI to Vilnius EYVI
  • directions29 nm
  • Explore the capital of Lithuania, with architecture ranging from 15c forts to modern skyscrapers.
  • WP 1- Industrial Park
    WP 2 - Chimney, Power Station
    WP 3 - Bridge on the Neris River | Follow the main road N up the western half of Vilnius & counter-clockwise around the small forest
    WP 4 - Forest, N end | S down the eastern half of Vilnius
    WP 5 - Intersection | Between Akropolis and Technopolis Shopping Malls
  • attach_filelithuania-EYVI-to-EYVI-VFR-vilnius-211030
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Luxembourg, Luxembourg
  • Luxembourg  Luxembourg
  • location_cityLuxembourg
  • flight_takeoffLuxembourg ELLX to Luxembourg ELLX
  • directions38 nm
  • Fly up the Alzette River Valley to the north of Luxembourg. Visit the Goodyear tyre testing facility and land at a grass airstrip if you are game? At the border with Belgium you'll see a large car recharging station which is presumably powered by the windmills adjacent? Finally fly back across the centre of town where medieval fortresses sit protected by natural moats.
  • WP 1 - Bridge across the Alzette River Valley
    WP 2 - Goodyear Tyre testing track and plant
    WP 3 - Grass airstrip on the W edge of Useldange
    WP 4 - Border with Belgium | Truck parking lot
    WP 5 - Intersection
    WP 6 - Along John F. Kennedy Ave
  • attach_fileluxembourg-ELLX-to-ELLX-VFR-luxembourg-211101
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Skopje local
  • Macedonia  Macedonia
  • location_citySkopje
  • flight_takeoffSkopje LWSK to Skopje LWSK
  • directions27 nm
  • Skopje, capital of Macedonia is situated in a broad and pleasant valley. Fly over the city and if you are game, attempt a landing at the grass strip to the NW at WP 5, which you will fly over as you turn right from WP 4. For an entertaining look at their most famous citizen watch the movie "Alexander", directed by Oliver Stone.
  • WP 1 - Skyscrapers (Cevahir Sky City)
    WP 2 - Skyscrapers & bridge over the Vardar River
    WP 3 - Follow the Lepenac River to a bridge
    WP 4 - Grass strip (Stenkovec Aeroclub)
    WP 5 - Liberty Steel Plant (2 large plants with a pie slice-shaped lake at the SE corner)
  • attach_filemacedonia-LWSK-to-LWSK-VFR-skopje-211102
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Circumnavigation
  • Malta  Malta
  • location_cityValletta
  • flight_takeoffLuqa LMML to Luqa LMML
  • directions54 nm
  • Fly all the way around the islands of Malta, located in a strategically vital location in the centre of the Meditteranean. Noticably barren, Malta often has to import fresh water.
  • WP 1 - Valletta Harbour entrance | Follow the coast
    WP 2 - Follow the coast | Marsalforn Beach
    WP 3 - Turn in to WP 4, 1.3 nm on the left
    WP 4 - Inland Sea
    WP 5 - Ferry Terminal
    WP 6 - Promontory at Ras id-Dawwara | Follow the coast
    WP 7 - Malta Freeport POL Storage
  • attach_filemalta-LMML-to-LMML-VFR-valletta-211103
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Chinisau and Lake Ghidighici
  • Moldova  Moldova
  • location_cityChisinau
  • flight_takeoffChisinau LUKK to Chisinau LUKK
  • directions44 nm
  • Enjoy the bucolic rolling terrain around Chisinau, capital of the former Soviet Republic of Moldova.
  • WP 1 - Follow the avenue into Chisinau | Along Lake Ghidighici
    WP 2 - Town: Straseni
    WP 3 - Quarry: Gornoe | Follow the valley 6 nm
    WP 4 - Town: Ciorescu
    WP 5 - Follow 'Bulevard Mircea cel Batran'
  • attach_filemoldova-LUKK-to-LUKK-VFR-chisinau-211104
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Enchantment, thou name ist Monaco
  • Monaco  Monaco
  • location_cityMonaco
  • flight_takeoffNice Cote d’Azur LFMN to Nice Cote d’Azur LFMN
  • directions29 nm
  • Probably the most enchanting coastline I've seen yet! This flight begins and ends in France, as Monaco has a shoreline of just 2.7 nm and no airport.
  • WP 1 - Enter the valley | Follow the elevated road to your right
    WP 2 - Bridge | Climb to 3,500 ft
    WP 3 - N end of Baie du Soleil
    WP 4 - Peninsula: Monaco begins | Casino
    WP 5 - Peninsula: Monaco ends | Hotel Cap Estel
  • attach_filemonaco-LFMN-to-LFMN-VFR-monaco-211104
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Podgorica Valley Run
  • Montenegro  Montenegro
  • location_cityPodgorica
  • flight_takeoffPodgorica LYPG to Podgorica LYPG
  • directions57 nm
  • Take off from the capital of Montenegro and explore the mountains to the NE.
    -/o\- CLASSIFIED: FOR YOUR EYES ONLY: You will enter Albanian airspace at WP 4. Fly at low altitude down the valley to WP 7 and take as many photos as possible, particularly looking for air defence facilities. If you are intercepted by the Albanian air force, just pretend you got lost! -/o\-
  • WP 1 - Hill | Turn right into the valley for 9 nm
    WP 3 - Climb out | Meadows
    WP 3 - Valley
    WP 4 - Cross valley, lake | Keep left of Mt. Vila, 6,991 ft
    WP 5 - Valley | HDG 240 for 9 nm
    WP 6 - Plateau | 3,000 ft
    WP 7 - Hill 708 ft | Turn right to airport
  • attach_filemontenegro-LYPG-to-LYPG-VFR-podgorica-211105
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Puppet on a String
  • Netherlands  Netherlands
  • location_cityAmsterdam
  • flight_takeoffSchiphol EHAM to Schiphol EHAM
  • directions52 nm
  • Fly around Amsterdam, taking in the North Sea canal.
    "The North Sea Canal is a Dutch ship canal from Amsterdam to the North Sea at IJmuiden, constructed between 1865 and 1876 to enable seafaring vessels to reach the port of Amsterdam." - Wikipedia
    The terrain here is very flat and the turnpoints are easy to spot so this flight works well at 500ft altitude.
  • WP 1 - Big Spotters Hill
    WP 2 - Zandvoort (Beach resort). The southernmost buildings you will see on the beach in this area.
    WP 3 - Forteiland IJmuiden (small island fort in the canal mouth) | Follow the canal to WP 4.
    WP 4 - POL Storage (on the right) | Veer right 10 deg
    WP 5 - Hollandse Bridge
    WP 6 - Past the town of Weesp to the Johan Cruiff Arena
  • attach_filenetherlands-EHAM-to-EHAM-VFR-amsterdam-211210
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • The Effect of Greenhouses
  • Netherlands  Netherlands
  • location_cityLelystad
  • flight_takeoffLelystad EHLE to Lelystad EHLE
  • directions68 nm
  • The area around Lelystad is a testament to human ingenuity and labour, being 3 metres below sea level.
    Visit two enormous complexes where the controlled environment allows year-round production of flowering plants and vegetables: WP 2 - De Tuindershoek is a large complex of greenhouses run entirely by robots. Apparently. WP 3 - Grimme Groencentrum in Luttelgeest is a nursery covering more than 2 hectares.
    There are also hundreds of wind turbines between WP 5, 6 and 7.
    At WP 7, Houtribsluizen is a lock at the start of a 26km road on the Houtribdgk dam.
  • WP 1 - Lake at Dronten
    WP 2 - Nursery: De Tuindershoek
    WP 3 - Nursery: Grimme Groencentrum
    WP 4 - Lemmer Beach
    WP 5 - Follow the coast
    WP 6 - Follow the coast to Ketel Bridge
    WP 7 - Follow the coast to the lock (Houtribsluizen)
  • attach_filenetherlands-EHLE-to-EHLE-VFR-lelystad-220107
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Rivers Round Rotterdam
  • Netherlands  Netherlands
  • location_cityRotterdam
  • flight_takeoffRotterdam EHRD to Rotterdam EHRD
  • directions73 nm
  • You are following the river / canal complex for the entire flight after WP 1, so I haven't cluttered up the waypoint descriptions by repeating that each time.
    WP 7 is a white suspension bridge, nicknamed 'The Swan'.
    The terrain here is very flat and the turnpoints are easy to spot so this flight works well at 500ft altitude. Fly at 1000 ft to see more features.
  • WP 1 - Chimney | HDG 212 5 nm
    WP 2 - 15 nm to the ocean
    WP 3 - Follow the shoreline to the Haringvlietdam (bridge)
    WP 4 - 15 nm to Volkerakbrug (bridge)
    WP 5 - 9 nm to Moerdijk bruggen (bridge)
    WP 6 - 3 way river junction
    WP 7 - 4 way river junction
    WP 8 - Erasmus brug (bridge)
  • attach_filenetherlands-EHRD-to-EHRD-VFR-rotterdam-220106
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • North of Nicosia
  • Northern Cyprus  Northern Cyprus
  • location_cityNicosia
  • flight_takeoffErcan LCEN to Ercan LCEN
  • directions59 nm
  • There is a large water treatment plant 3 nm NE of Ercan International airport which can be seen from quite a distance, making it a good visual navaid. If you fly directly west from that point you will be just on Turkey's side of the border.
    At WP 2 "Ne mutlu Türküm diyene" (motto of the Republic of Turkey) is painted on a hillside.
  • WP 1 - Water treatment plant
    WP 2 - Follow the main road for 14nm to the motto
    WP 3 - Kalkani (Spot the West Queen Resort if possible)
    WP 4 - Gecitkoy Dam | Turn E and follow the base of the mountain range
    WP 5 - Enter the valley ENE (just N of Pinarbasi Airbase)
    WP 6 - Acupulco Resort and beach
    WP 7 - Water treatment plant (same as WP 1)
  • attach_filenorthern-cyprus-LCEN-to-LCEN-VFR-nicosia-211211
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Bridge Hunting at Oslo
  • Norway  Norway
  • location_cityOslo
  • flight_takeoffGardermoen ENGM to Gardermoen ENGM
  • directions57 nm
  • Fly the 15nm south from Gardermoen in a simple flight plan which takes you around the capital, Oslo.
    These recon images were captured at 10:45 a.m. The sun is very close to the southern horizon at this latitude, but at least the glare is absent as we pass Oslo on the second and third legs of the flight.
    There is a plethora of bridges in this region, so you'll see that those at WP 1 and WP3 have several VERY close neighbours. Pick any bridge as your turn point.
    I added two waypoints to the plan flown in the RECON videos. However they lay on a straight line between WP 1 and WP 3 (Intility Stadium) and between WP 3 and WP 5 (Ullevall Stadium). So the earlier RECON videos are still valid references.
    With the Nordic sim updates to the default scenery you'll see a lot more churches and distinctive architecture than in those videos.
  • WP1 - Bridge at Lillestrom | 1 nm S of Kjeller AB | Road with rail underneath
    WP 2 - Intility Arena
    WP 3 - Across Oslo harbour to a bridge at Sandvika
    WP 4 - Ullevaal Stadium
    WP 5 - Bridge at Brekke | Small bridge at the SE corner of a large lake | The bridge is hidden on approach by trees, just aim for the SE corner of the lake.
  • attach_filenorway-ENGM-to-ENGM-VFR-oslo-211211
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Pining for the Fjords
  • Norway  Norway
  • location_cityStavanger
  • flight_takeoffSola ENZV to Sola ENZV
  • directions100 nm
  • This is quite a long flight at 100nm. In essence it's very simple, flying along two almost parallel fjords. NE for 20nm along the first and SW for 25 nm along the second.
    Note: Be aware that the water in these fjords is above sea level. At the city of Tao the land is about 500ft and the water beyond around 300ft.
  • WP1 - HDG 040 for 13nm | Over the city of Stavanger | Feet wet | Feet dry at the city of Tao
    WP 2 - Follow the fjord NE
    WP 3 - 10 nm cross country HDG 085
    WP 4 - Follow Storevatnet lake HDG 193 to the dam
    WP 5 - (Optional) Enter the valley
    WP 6 - Lysebotn | Where the Lyse Fjord begins
    WP 7 - Veer left to HDG 225, staying on the fjord
    WP 8 - Lake Tengesdalsvatnet
  • attach_filenorway-ENZV-to-ENZV-VFR-stavanger-211229
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Seeking the Quarry
  • Norway  Norway
  • location_cityTrondheim
  • flight_takeoffVaernes ENVA to Vaernes ENVA
  • directions65 nm
  • Fans of the EF2000 sim family from the 1990's will remember the sound of the Trondheim radio operator. The terrain in that sim was advanced for it's time and now we get to see what this part of Norway really looks like.
    Turns out there are a lot of quarries!
  • WP1 - HDG 267 for 11nm to the harbour entrance at Trondheim.
    WP 2 - HDG 195 for 15nm to a large quarry near the NE tip of Lake Benna | Follow the river through Trondheim. Just out of town you will see quarries on the left.
    WP 3 - HDG 063 for 11nm | Into the valley and onto Lake Selbusjoen and the wharf at Oya on the northern shore
    WP 4 - HDG 106 for 10nm along Lake Selbusjoen to Selbu Racetrack
  • attach_filenorway-ENVA-to-ENVA-VFR-trondheim-220105
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Warsaw West
  • Poland  Poland
  • location_cityWarsaw
  • flight_takeoffOkecie EPWA to Okecie EPWA
  • directions30 nm
  • In this flight we stay west of the Vistula River which bisects Warsaw NW to SE.
  • WP 1 - Follow the highway (Aleja Polskiej) NW to the intersection
    WP 2 - Airport: Babice (EPBC) (the NE highway points HDG 030 towards the ap)
    WP 3 - Shopping Mall: Lomianki Park
    WP 4 - Palace of Culture
    WP 5 - Power Plant: Siekerki (Two tall chimneys)
    WP 6 - King John III Palace
  • attach_filepoland-EPWA-to-EPWA-VFR-warsaw-211211
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Warsaw East
  • Poland  Poland
  • location_cityWarsaw
  • flight_takeoffOkecie EPWA to Okecie EPWA
  • directions53 nm
  • Explore Warsaw and surrounds to the NE of the Vistula River.
  • WP 1 - 2 Chimneys: Siekerki Power Plant
    WP 2 - Bridge | Turn L and follow the river to WP 3
    WP 3 - Island | Follow the road through the forest to WP 5
    WP 4 - Shopping Mall: Jablonna, Wind Turbine
    WP 5 - Power Plant: Siekerki (Two tall chimneys) (same as WP 1)
  • attach_filepoland-EPWA-to-EPWA-VFR-warsaw-220108
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Lisbon on the River Tagus (Rio Tejo)
  • Portugal  Portugal
  • location_cityLisbon
  • flight_takeoffLisbon Portela LPPT to Lisbon Portela LPPT
  • directions45 nm
  • Fly along the shores of the River Tagus on the eastern side of Lisbon.
    At WP 3, the shopping mall, you will see a number of flooded irrigated areas at a river mouth. The mall is just to the right.
    The final waypoint Forte de Monsanto, is a 19c fort (now a prison) and distinctive landmark 2.5nm SW of Lisbon Airport.
  • WP 1 - Cement Factory
    WP 2 - Airport: Aerodromo de Leziria
    WP 3 - Shopping Mall
    WP 4 - Airport: Montijo Airbase
    WP 5 - Seixal Beach
    WP 6 - Bridge across the River Tagus
    WP 7 - Forte de Monsanto
  • attach_fileportugal-LPPT-to-LPPT-VFR-lisbon-211213
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Lisbon's Beaches
  • Portugal  Portugal
  • location_cityLisbon
  • flight_takeoffLisbon Portela LPPT to Lisbon Portela LPPT
  • directions37 nm
  • Fly around Lisbon and along it's southern beaches.
    The flight plan is simplicity itself:
    1. WNW to the Airbase
    2. WSW to the coast
    3. Follow the coast E
    The final waypoint Forte de Monsanto, is a 19c fort (now a prison) and distinctive landmark 2.5nm SW of Lisbon Airport.
  • WP 1 - Sintra AB and Air Force Academy
    WP 2 - Motor Racing Circuit (Circuito de Estoril)
    WP 3 - Marina at Cascalis | Follow the coast E
    WP 4 - Marina at de Oeiras | Follow the coast E
    WP 5 - Abril Bridge
    WP 6 - Forte de Monsanto
  • attach_fileportugal-LPPT-to-LPPT-VFR-lisbon-211214
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Tiraspol local
  • Pridnestrovie  Pridnestrovie
  • location_cityTiraspol
  • flight_takeoffTiraspol LUTR to Tiraspol LUTR
  • directions30 nm
  • Fly across the centre of Tiraspol and a short distance up the Dnister River.
  • WP 1 - Lake | Follow the road ESE over the prison
    WP 2 - Shopping Mall / Moscow Institute of Business and Law
    WP 3 - Bridge | Follow Karl Liebknecht road W through Tiraspol to the bridge on the Dnister River
    WP 4 - Follow the river north 7 nm
    WP 5 - Intersection | E 3.5 nm to intersection on the western edge of Malasti
  • attach_filepridnestrovie-LUTR-to-LUTR-VFR-tiraspol-211214
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Bucharest Water features
  • Romania  Romania
  • location_cityBucharest
  • flight_takeoffBaneasa LRBS to Baneasa LRBS
  • directions47 nm
  • Take a scenic flight over some of the many waterways around and within Bucharest. You will see lakes, islands, dams, spillways, canals, water treatment plants and bridges!
  • WP 1 - Lake Morii
    WP 2 - 4 lakes on the Ciorogirla River
    WP 3 - NW end of Lake Mihailesti | Dam | Arges River
    WP 4 - Lake Varlaam
    WP 5 - Spillway on the Dam at Lake Cernica
    WP 6 - Island (Trex Park)
  • attach_fileromania-LRBS-to-LRBS-VFR-bucharest-water-211215
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
  • Bucharest Valley Run
  • Romania  Romania
  • location_cityBucharest
  • flight_takeoffBaneasa LRBS to Baneasa LRBS
  • directions71 nm
  • Take a longer flight along two of the many picturesque valleys north of Bucharest.
  • WP 1 - Bridge | RWY HDG 26, 5 nm
    WP 2 - Bridge | Follow the Prahova River | The bridge is 1nm before the river fork. Take the right fork.
    WP 3 - Paitinu Dam | Follow the valley HDG 005 for 10 nm
    WP 4 - Valley ends at Predelus | Climb over terrain, HDG 110
    WP 5 - Maneciu Dam | Follow the Teleajen River, HDG 157
    WP 6 - Bridge | Follow the Teleajen River, HDG 186
    WP 7 - Bridge | Turn HDG 200 to the AP
  • attach_fileromania-LRBS-to-LRBS-VFR-bucharest-valley-211227
  • tagEurope Visual Vol.3
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