Europe Visual Vol.4

  • Gremlins in the Kremlin
  • Russia  Russia
  • location_cityMoscow
  • flight_takeoffSheremetyevo UUEE to Sheremetyevo UUEE
  • directions38 nm
  • Take a short run down the west side of Russia's capital, Moscow, and return over Red Square. The entire area is replete with architectural marvels and bears many re-flights. Note the RWY ALT is 612 feet, so a good default cruising altitude would be 1,600 ft.
  • WP 1 - 5 tall buildings at the Moscow River
    WP 2 - Moscow State University
    WP 3 - Bridge at Red Square and the Kremlin
    WP 4 - Leningradsky Avenue
    WP 5 - River junction
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  • Moscow Ring Road
  • Russia  Russia
  • location_cityMoscow
  • flight_takeoffSheremetyevo UUEE to Sheremetyevo UUEE
  • directions64 nm
  • Fly clockwise along the magnificent ring road surrounding Moscow. Despite the number of waypoints, this flight can be flown visually in just 3 steps:
    1. Fly HDG 113 for 6 nm to pick up the ring road at WP 1
    2. Follow the highway
    3. At WP7 you will see the river junction to your right (the same as in 'Gremlins in the Kremlin'), turn HDG 342 for 5nm to the airport.
    As with all the 'follow the road' flights, most of the interesting sights will be to your left and right. In this case Moscow will be to your right, so feel free to break off and explore any points of interest, knowing you can always follow the ring road back to WP7 and the airport.
    The RWY ALT is 612 feet, so a good default cruising altitude would be 1,600 ft.
  • WP 1 - Intersection
    WP 2 - Intersection
    WP 3 - Intersection
    WP 4 - Intersection
    WP 5 - Intersection
    WP 6 - Intersection
    WP 7 - Bridge (The River Junction is 0.6 nm to the right of the bridge)
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  • Around St. Petersburg
  • Russia  Russia
  • location_citySt. Petersburg
  • flight_takeoffPulkovo ULLI to Pulkovo ULLI
  • directions68 nm
  • Follow the shoreline, two long bridges, and the ring road around the harbour and outskirts of St. Petersburg. The Peterhof Palace was built by Peter the Great in response to the Palace of Versailles.
  • WP 1 - Pass Peterhof Palace to the bridge at Konteynernyy Terminal
    WP 2 - Intersection at Kotlin Island
    WP 3 - Intersection
    WP 4 - Intersection | Continue 1 nm past the waypoint to follow the road south
    WP 5 - Bridge on the Neva River
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  • Inside St. Petersburg
  • Russia  Russia
  • location_citySt. Petersburg
  • flight_takeoffPulkovo ULLI to Pulkovo ULLI
  • directions28 nm
  • St. Petersburg was formerly known as Petrograd and Leningrad. It is a strategic port in Russia's north-west and was famously besieged by the Wermacht in World War II from 8th Sept 1941 to 27th Jan 1944.
    Follow the elevated roadway north along Neva Bay to the Lakhta Center (87 story skyscraper). Beyond it is Lake Lakhta, fed by the Kamenka, Glukharka and Yuntolovka rivers.
    Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is a Russian Orthodox church. Nearby landmarks include: Peter and Paul Fortress, Field of Mars and the Admiralty Building.
    Moskovsky Victory Park is opposite the large round EXPOFORUM Convention and Exhibition Centre.
  • WP 1 - Western High Speed Toll Road
    WP 2 - Gazprom Stadium
    WP 3 - Lakhta Centre
    WP 4 - Kantemirovskiy Bridge
    WP 5 - Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood
    WP 6 - Moskovsky Victory Park
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  • tagEurope Visual Vol.4
  • Borders within Borders
  • San Marino  San Marino
  • location_citySan Marino
  • flight_takeoffRimini LIPR to Rimini LIPR
  • directions27 nm
  • San Marino is a geographically small country located within the borders of Italy. The nearest airport is Rimini Military, on the east coast of Italy and about 5 nm from the San Marino Border.
    This flight incorporates the capital, which is 1 nm long atop a central ridge, and the S and W borders. Consider WP 4 optional. The Italians won't mind a minor transgression into their airspace, it happens all the time over San Marino.
    An alternate approach to seeing all of San Marino would be to fly to the capital at WP 2 and then clockwise around the ridge.
    NB: A slow aircraft is recommended (cruise speed 80-100 kts). Jet aircraft will find very difficult to stay within the borders.
    Between WP 6 and 7 you will see Tiro a Volo San Marino (Shooting Club) on the left.
  • WP 1 - NE border San Marino / Italy
    WP 2 - Basilica di San Marino
    WP 3 - Buildings
    WP 4 - Intersection
    WP 5 - Building on the border
    WP 6 - Lake
    WP 7 - NE border SanMarino / Italy
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  • Beautiful Belgrade
  • Serbia  Serbia
  • location_cityBelgrade
  • flight_takeoffBelgrade LYBE to Belgrade LYBE
  • directions32 nm
  • Follow the main road network through Serbia's capital Belgrade and to the south.
  • WP 1 - Cloverleaf intersection
    WP 2 - Overpass
    WP 3 - Balkan Park Shopping Mall
    WP 4 - Cloverleaf intersection | Orlovaca Cemetery
    WP 5 - Bridge
    WP 6 - Cloverleaf intersection | 1.7 nm from RWY 12
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  • Novi Sad
  • Serbia  Serbia
  • location_cityNovi Sad
  • flight_takeoffBelgrade LYBE to Belgrade LYBE
  • directions93 nm
  • Follow the main road network to Serbia's second largest city, Novi Sad and return via the Danube River. The flight is in 3 simple legs:
    1 - HDG 300 for 23 nm
    2 - HDG 360 for 20 nm
    3 - Follow the Danube River SE back to Belgrade (WP 3 to WP7).
  • WP 1 - Intersection with on/off ramps | Pass the Cloverleaf intersection HDG 300 1.7 nm and continue along the main road for 23 nm
    WP 2 - Bridge on the Dunav River | HDG 360 for 20 nm through the hills, across the Danube River and Novi Sad
    WP 3 - Follow the river for 10 nm
    WP 4 - Follow the river for 10 nm
    WP 5 - Follow the river for 10 nm
    WP 6 - Follow the river for 10 nm
    WP 7 - Follow the river for 5 nm
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  • Bratislava Border Patrol
  • Slovakia  Slovakia
  • location_cityBratislava
  • flight_takeoffM. R. Stefanik LZIB to M. R. Stefanik LZIB
  • directions66 nm
  • The capital of Slovakia, Bratislava, sits in the south west corner of the country, on the Danube River and near the triple border with Austria and Hungary. At the Mosonsky Bridge the Austria / Hungary / Slovakia border is 1.5 nm to the SW.
    Take off HDG 270 for 7 nm and execute a climbing left turn over the tall hill NE of WP 1. That will set you up nicely for the trip down river.
  • WP 1 - River Bend W of Bratislava | Follow the river SE
    WP 2 - Lafranconi Bridge
    WP 3 - Mosonsky Bridge
    WP 4 - Babcikovo Hydro-Electric Dam
    WP 5 - Town of Dunajska
    WP 6 - Racetrack (Slovakia Ring) | Sandmine 5nm from RWY 31
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  • Kosice and Presov Regions
  • Slovakia  Slovakia
  • location_cityKosice
  • flight_takeoffKosice LZKZ to Kosice LZKZ
  • directions61 nm
  • Kosice is the second largest city in Slovakia. Fly over Kosice and follow the motorways in a counterclockwise direction until you reach the large dam at Ruzin.
  • WP 1 - Follow the valley N over Kosice to Kisak Rail yards
    WP 2 - Follow the motorway N
    WP 3 - North end of Presov Rail yards | Follow the motorways west
    WP 4 - Veer left at Hendrichovce
    WP 5 - Siroke | Leave the two main roads as they veer west, and follow the road south through the valley to Kluknava
    WP 6 - Kluknava | HDG 117 | Past Margecany | OPTIONAL: Follow the river
    WP 7 - Ruzin Hydroelectric Dam | OPTIONAL: Follow the river and valley
    WP 8 - Kisak Rail yards, North end | Turn south over Kosice
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  • Ljubljana Local
  • Slovenia  Slovenia
  • location_cityLjubljana
  • flight_takeoffLjubljana LJLJ to Ljubljana LJLJ
  • directions33 nm
  • Explore the idyllic valley setting of Ljubljana, capital of Slovakia.
    Start at Kranj, 3 nm W of the airport. Proceed HDG 148 for 12 nm, following the river and the parallel main road. WP 3 is a prominent landmark, a medieval hilltop fortress Ljubljanski Grad with a commanding view of Ljubljana.
    Orbit over Ljubljana until you run out of film, then head up the western valley to Duplica, where you can stock up on film at the enormous shopping mall!
  • WP 1 - Bridge on the S end of Kranj
    WP 2 - Fortress
    WP 3 - Intersection | 1 nm NW of the railyards
    WP 4 - Intersection / Roundabout | Supernova Shopping Mall at Duplica
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  • Ljubljana Highs and Lows
  • Slovenia  Slovenia
  • location_cityLjubljana
  • flight_takeoffLjubljana LJLJ to Ljubljana LJLJ
  • directions83 nm
  • Take a cross country jaunt past the two highest peaks in the region and return along two charming and broad valleys.
    The flight can be broken into two stages:
    WP 1 - WP 4: Climb to about 8,500 feet and fly E
    WP 5 - WP 8: Follow the main road W along the valley floors.
  • WP 1 - Peak: Grintovec 2558m
    WP 2 - Peak: Boskovec 1588m
    WP 3 - Lakes at Sostanj
    WP 4 - Vojnik | Turn S
    WP 5 - Celje | Turn W for 13 nm along a broad valley
    WP 6 - Intersection at Brode | HDG 217 for 5 nm | This can be a tricky one to follow, as there are several bends and road tunnels. It can be done, but given the short distance, it's probably best to climb and fly direct.
    WP 7 - Trojane | HDG 255 for 13 nm
    WP 8 - Intersection on the outskirts of Domzale
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  • tagEurope Visual Vol.4
  • Madrid West
  • Spain  Spain
  • location_cityMadrid
  • flight_takeoffBarajas LEMD to Barajas LEMD
  • directions34 nm
  • Fly over just a few of the architectural wonders from the ages in Madrid. Fly north for 5 nm to the Circuito del Jarama then fly HDG 210, take a deep breath, rig for slow flight and enjoy the many wonders of Madrid. There is just too much to see in one circuit so in this flight I've focussed on the east of the city.
  • WP 1 - Racetrack | Circuito del Jarama ca. 1967
    WP 2 - 4 distinctive skyscrapers | Quatro Torres ca.2007
    WP 3 - Palace | Palacio Real de Madrid ca.1735
    WP 4 - Stadium | Estadio Vicente Calderón ca.1966-2020
    WP 5 - Rail Terminal | Mendez Alvaro ca.1981
    WP 6 - TV Tower | Torrespana, 231 m ca.1982
    WP 7 - Stadium | Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas (Bullfight ring) ca.1931
    WP 8 - Park | Parque Juan Carlos I ca.1992
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  • Barcelona by the Balearic
  • Spain  Spain
  • location_cityBarcelona
  • flight_takeoffEl Prat LEBL to El Prat LEBL
  • directions32 nm
  • Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain and has a gorgeous coast on the Balearic Sea. The city is rich in old and new architecture and was host to the 1992 Olympics.
    As far as viewing Gaudi's fantastic creations, photogrammetry renders the entire city as a cross between Gaudi and Salvador Dali!
  • WP 1 - POL storage | Follow the coast N
    WP 2 - Mouth of the Besos River | Follow the river
    WP 3 - Bridge / Intersection and Park on the left (Parc de la Trinitat Vella)
    WP 4 - Cathedral: Sagrada Familia
    WP 5 - Comms Tower / Olympic facilities: Torre de Comunicacions de Mantjuic ca. 1992
    WP 6 - Stadium: Estadi Cornelia-El Prat
    WP 7 - Water Sport facility: Canal Olimpic de Catalunya
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  • Stockholm West: Classical Elegance
  • Sweden  Sweden
  • location_cityStockholm
  • flight_takeoffBromma ESSB to Bromma ESSB
  • directions26 nm
  • Fly down through the centre of Sweden's capital Stockholm, and then follow the water out to the west.
  • WP 1 - Friends Arena | Turn to HDG 144 and follow the main road
    WP 2 - Stockholm City Hall (Stockholms stadshus)
    WP 3 - Ericsson Globe
    WP 4 - Intersection: Fallan | Turn to HDG 242 and follow the reservoirs
    WP 5 - Airport: Tullinge (ESCN) | Turn to HDG 342 and follow the water
    WP 6 - Bridge: Masmo
    WP 7 - Castle: Drottingholms Slott
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  • Gothenburg's Rocky Coast
  • Sweden  Sweden
  • location_cityGothenburg
  • flight_takeoffLandvetter ESGG to Landvetter ESGG
  • directions53 nm
  • Looking directly across the water to Denmark, Gothenburg is Sweden's second largest city. This flight plan looks a little convoluted, but it is essentially following the river, harbour shore, and back to the river.
  • WP 1 - Lake Aspen | Follow the main road west
    WP 2 - North/South river tunnel
    WP 3 - Alvsborgsbro Bridge | Veer right and follow the coast
    WP 4 - Ockero Harbour
    WP 5 - NW tip of Galtero | HDG 065 along the shoreline
    WP 6 - Ullevi Stadium
    WP 7 - Lake Aspen (same as WP 1)
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  • Bern's Lakes
  • Switzerland  Switzerland
  • location_cityBern
  • flight_takeoffBelp LSZB to Belp LSZB
  • directions53 nm
  • Visit three of the large lakes around Switzerland's capital, Bern.
  • WP 1 - SW shore of Lake Moossee in Bern
    WP 2 - NE shore of Lake Biel (at the breakwater) | Follow the southern shore and fly direct to WP 3
    WP 3 - SW shore of Lake Murtensee | Fly East for 18 nm back to Belp ap.
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  • Zurich and the Swiss/German border
  • Switzerland  Switzerland
  • location_cityZurich
  • flight_takeoffZurich LSZH to Zurich LSZH
  • directions43 nm
  • Take a leisurely flight over Switzerland's second largest city and skirt the German border.
  • WP 1 - Lake Zurich | Follow the railway and motorway NW
    WP 2 - Bridge at Turgi | Follow the river N
    WP 3 - Bridge at Klingnau | Fly E, staying just south of the river (border with Germany)
    WP 4 - Bridge at Seglinger | Follow the motorway SSE to the airport
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  • Frankenstein and the Valkyries
  • Switzerland  Switzerland
  • location_cityBuochs
  • flight_takeoffBuochs LSZC to Buochs LSZC
  • directions56 nm
  • Fly over Lake Lucerne, where Mary Shelley conceived Frankenstein and Richard Wagner's ubermensch took flight in the Ring cycle.
  • WP 1 - Headland, NW corner of Lake Lucerne | Fly 048 for 14 nm
    WP 2 - Pass at Neuheim
    WP 3 - Crest the hill | Fly along Sihlsee Lake | Enter the valley
    WP 4 - Valley | Crest the ridge at 2177m
    WP 5 - Valley
    WP 6 - Valley
    WP 7 - Eastern end of Lake Lucerne
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